Peace and Reintegration Specialist

  Afghanistan Unspecified 539
Date Posted:Jun 16, 2010
Closing Date:Jun 23, 2010
Work Type:Unspecified
Number of Vacancies:1
Functional Area:General
Salary Range:Salary is negotiable
Years of Experience:Fresh
Contract Duration:Not specified
Possibility of Contract Extension: Yes
Contract Type:Permanent
Probation Period:Unspecified
Required Languages:

About Sarey:


Job Summary:

UNDP has been providing gender technical support to the Government of Afghanistan through the Ministry of Women’s Affairs (MoWA) since 2002. In 2007 UNDP signed its project on Institutional Capacity Building for Gender Equality (GEP) with the MoWA and the Ministry of Economy (MoEc) to strengthen capacity of selected state institutions for the advancement of gender equity and women’s empowerment in Afghanistan. During the 3 year duration of the Project from 2007-2010 (May), it developed effective gender mainstreaming models and strengthened the capacity of government ministries and institutions at national and sub-national levels. On completion of this Project, UNDP, Afghanistan has developed a new project which builds on the piloting initiatives of the previous project and focuses on 3 key objectives which are in line with the goals set out in the ANDS for gender equity and consistent with the Millennium Development Goals of gender equality and empowerment of women. The project has three components. These 3 objectives are:

1) Scaling up of capacity-building and policy development interventions of partner ministries through the development and implementation of sound governance strategies at the national and sub-national levels in partnership with line ministries (with emphasis on the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, MOWA), parliament and other institutions and networks engaged in the promotion of gender equality, including the development of gender-sensitive learning channels and production of knowledge-based products on gender mainstreaming.

2) Focus on the socio-economic empowerment of women through the design and implementation of demand-driven and context-specific poverty alleviation activities in line with major national policies.

3) Facilitate the inclusion of women in the peace and reintegration process by establishing linkages with relevant UNDP projects/initiatives of other development partners and initiatives for promoting a gender inclusive approach.

The Peace and Reintegration Specialist’s primary responsibility will be to ensure an effective integration of the needs and interests of women after 30 years of conflict in the peace and reintegration process and other initiatives which are linked to it and implement relevant activities in conjunction with different UNDP projects involved in this field.
Afghan women have been participating as victims, combatants, protectors and peacemakers – all different and complex roles. The protracted conflict of three decades have negatively affected women and men and resulted in gender-specific disadvantages. In addition, the needs of women have not always been recognized or addressed by the mainstream, gender-blind understandings of peace and reconstruction. In Afghanistan, gender exclusion continues to undermine the effectiveness of development efforts during the reintegration process and the issue of how to engender post-conflict reconstruction has tended to remain on the margins of most policy discussions and donor reconstruction efforts. Part of this marginalization comes from a focus that sees women primarily as armed conflict victims and not as actors in the peace, and reconstruction processes.

To overcome this trend, the Peace and Reintegration Specialist would concentrate on women-focused activities, i.e. those that compensate for gender disparities – in rights, education, resources and power – and thereby enable women to contribute equally and fully to reconstruction, take a more economic approach, recognizing that gender-related impediments diminish the effectiveness of economic and governance programs and advocate gender-oriented activities to change a conflict-ridden Afghan society of inequality to a peaceful one of respect and equality.

The Peace and Reintegration Specialist will, therefore, be responsible for designing and implementing activities for ensuring increased security for women to continue with their activities for livelihoods; improving women’s presence in the formal and informal peace processes especially at the decision-making level for achieving sustainable peace; engendering the legal system for a gender sensitive access to justice and the legal systems and mobilizing women’s organizations and linking them to the formal reintegration efforts.

The focus of the Peace and Reintegration Specialist will be on analyzing the transformative aspects of the peace and reintegration process and undertaking steps to avoid a gendered peace which addresses the needs of women less adequately than men or result in deterioration in the situation of women. The Specialist will advocate gender-oriented activities to change from unequal conflicted to peaceful societies of respect and equality through an increased participation of women in formal and informal peace processes. As most Afghan institutions engaged in the peace and reintegration process perpetuate an exclusionary attitude and culture toward women as compared to men, relatively few women have become involved in formal peace processes. Beyond this quantitative difference, there is a qualitative difference; Afghan women are likely to make a different contribution to the peace process. When compared to men, they are more likely to put gender issues on the agenda, introduce other conflict experiences, and set different priorities for peace building and rehabilitation to bridge political divides better. The Specialist will identify entry points wherein women can make an effective contribution in this direction and complement them with appropriate strategies for implementation.

Duties & Responsibilities:

The Peace and Reintegration Specialist’s primary duties will include the design and implementation of context-specific interventions for promoting women’s presence in formal and informal peace and reintegration processes and institutions involved in this regard and also promote the participation of women at the decision-making level in peace negotiations.

The biggest challenge for women in post-conflict Afghanistan is to ensure the commitment to gender equality translates into policies that are developed by Afghan decision makers and provide an adequate framework for programming that actually makes a difference in the lives of women and girls in the country. Despite the fact that effort to empower women is still a work in progress, Afghan women have already demonstrated that their participation could meaningfully contribute to promoting democracy in the reintegration process. Trends are emerging that illustrate the potential of women’s full participation in Afghanistan’s post-conflict reconstruction and, specifically, governance. Women in Afghanistan are helping counter the tendency towards political extremism, fostering recognition for ethnic minorities and minority rights, contributing to the fight for moderation and human rights, providing critical services to promote development, and ensuring the productive capacity of Afghanistan by building on their experience in meeting basic needs even during extended periods of conflict. The Peace and Reintegration Specialist will therefore, aim to increase the number of women present at the decision-making level in the formal peace negotiations, number of women trained to participate in the peace negotiations, number of women’s organizations with improved capacity, and number of linkages established between formal and informal peace and reintegration initiatives.

In this context, some of the specific responsibilities of the Specialist would include:

• Provide support for women's organizations involved in peace-building at the formal and
• informal levels;
• Foster discussion within public and political bodies about women’s involvement;
• Build bridges between communities of women from different backgrounds and interests,
• Support organizations which promote public debate about gender relations and cultural change (including violence, women's rights, etc);
• Facilitate the input of women's organizations into key peace conferences and other decision-making bodies, especially where they are in close consultation with their constituencies;
• Increase the presence of women, through education and training, in institutions undergoing reform, and increase the number of women in decision-making positions;
• Involve women in identifying key areas for institutional reform (especially in the areas of security and law enforcement);
• Train and educate women to enable them to become viable candidates for leadership and decision-making positions in a wide range of institutions (including government bureaucracies);
• Train women to develop and promote methods of institutional reform and to act as trainers themselves (especially in methods of consultation, institutional mediation and conflict resolution for use within organizations);
• Support women who attempt to challenge and reform the practices of `traditional' organizations involved in community peace-building and national reconciliation activities;
• Strengthen the capacity of individual women and women’s CSOs to bridge the gap between informal and formal peace processes;
• Encourage links between women’s organizations and formal peace processes.

Another area of emphasis would be to engender legal and judicial systems for ensuring equal access of women and men to legal and judicial services and protection of women’s rights for enforcing gender equality. Some key activities would include:

• Organize awareness raising and information campaigns and training progammes in collaboration with other UNDP projects (especially Access to Justice) and development partners at the national and sub-national (community) levels;
• Facilitate the enforcement of gender-sensitive legislation at the national level and sub-national level by implementing partners;
• Inform and train women and men on their rights;
• Encourage the judiciary to enforce gender-sensitive laws;
• Support concerning institutions to provide adequate numbers of female staff in the legal system;
• Facilitate the adaptation of laws to local culture and gender-based needs of communities,
• Ensure the involvement of women and men in drafting new legislation;
• Disseminate information on new laws through translation into local languages and in partnership with government and civil society organizations who are engaged in the protection and promotion of women’s rights;
• Arrange legal literacy programs for women and men to accompany legislative changes.

Other responsibilities would include the promotion of a safe and secured environment for women in particular to guarantee their mobility, safety in the workplace and in general free and easy access to resources. For this, the duties are as follows:

• Work with other UNDP projects to gender sensitize the police force and increase the number of women in the force;
• Create gender-friendly work environment in the different institutions;
• Work in partnership with other organizations for the protection of women against GBV through existing laws or new legislation;
• Sensitize legal staff in dealing with (GBV) crimes;
• Facilitate the development of gender-sensitive training curriculum for community-based policing activities.

The Peace and Reintegration Specialist will work under the direct supervision and guidance of the Project Manager, Gender Equality. S/he will work in close collaboration with the UNDP CO, particularly with the members of Democratic and Governance Unit, Program Policy Support Unit, Local Governance and Poverty Alleviation Units and operations and other UNDP Projects. S/he will undertake the following functions:

• Assist in the overall management of the Poverty Alleviation and Enterprise Development Objective of the Gender Equality Project;
• Oversee project monitoring and reporting activities related to this Objective;
• Provide leadership and ensure harmonious coordination among project staff, partners, stakeholders and other actors involved in the implementation of different activities pertaining to the Poverty Alleviation and Enterprise Development Objective;
• Coordinate resource mobilization efforts to increase the impact of this Objective;
• Ensure the development and implementation of mechanisms for ensuring sustainability of the initiatives undertaken as part of this Objective’s activities.

Detailed responsibilities:

The specific tasks of the Peace and Reintegration Specialist are as follows:

• Mapping and conducting a stock-take of ‘who is doing what’ (has done what/will do what) of donors' activities related to peace and reintegration issues. This includes programs, technical assistance for government, and research during the duration of the project;
• Mapping the governments’ program and responsibilities, both in central and sub-national governments, related to peace and reintegration issues. This will be categorized into several themes which are context and location specific;
• Mapping the existing laws and regulations relating to the peace and reintegration process. This includes existing local regulations and drafts of new bills and regulations;
• Analyzing the gaps between the needs and the availability of programs, technical assistance, and research of the donors and the government;
• Work closely with the other projects of UNDP in the relevant areas for strengthening the impact of the interventions on the target groups and regularly identify areas of collaboration with development partners;
• Facilitate local governments, especially at the provincial and district levels in identifying innovative ways of involving women in the reintegration process and its related activities;
• Identify priority needs of women that the project can support. This includes policy advisory support, and development and implementation of operational schemes in relevant areas;
• Facilitate cooperation across different levels of government departments and sub-national government programmes to increase the participation of women in the peace and reintegration process;
• Identify new areas where research, pilots or TA would be useful to the policy agenda on the peace and reintegration process in Afghanistan.

Job Requirement:

Education and Experience:
• Master’s or bachelor’s degree in Conflict Management, Post Conflict Development and Management, or in any other related social science disciplines;
• Relevant working experience in the field of post-conflict reconstruction and development activities from a gender perspective;
• With master’s degree 5 years of experience and with bachelor’s degree 7 years of experience is required;
• Knowledge and practical experience of implementing reconstruction initiatives in conflict-affected societies with international/ UN agencies or government institutions;
• Familiarity with major gender issues in Afghanistan and commitment to gender equality;
• Demonstrated skills in leadership, organization, administration, negotiation, diplomacy, team building and staff supervision;
• Strong interpersonal and people’s management skills;
• Proven report writing skills and capacity to work under constant pressure, to meet tight multiple deadlines and to maintain flexibility to meet high demands;
• Thorough knowledge and understanding of Afghanistan’s cultural, political and development context and the priorities of the Government of Afghanistan (GoA);
• Must be a self-starter;
• Proficient in computer application programmes particularly in MS Office;
• Management experience with UNDP will be a distinct advantage.

Language Requirements:
• Excellent command of written and spoken English;
• Knowledge of Pashto or Dari will be of great value.

Job Location:

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